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Application of nuclear and spectroscopic methods of analysis for further assessment of the obsidian hydration dating method

By Νικόλαος Λάσκαρης

Abstract

This dissertation attempts to reevaluate the obsidian hydration method by applying new criteria and sample suitability criteria. During this research study, new methods and procedures were been developed and added to the main dating methodology. These procedures are leading to more accurate age calculation of the archaeological artifact. Also a variety of methods for surface and interface analysis were used, such as SEM, AFM, Dynamic-SIMS, ToF-SIMS. The results from the surface examination lead to the development of new criteria for the selection of samples. The application of these criteria is recommended to every user/scientist of obsidian hydration dating in order to determine which samples are usable and if the acquired ages are correct.

Topics: Οψιανός, Χρονολόγηση ενυδάτωσης, Φασματοσκοπία μάζας ιόντων, Πυρηνικές μέθοδοι ανάλυσης, Ηλεκτρονική μικροσκοπία, Μικροσκοπία ατομικής ισχύος, Obsidian, Hydration dating, Ion mass spectroscopy, Nuclear methods of analysis, Scanning electron microscopy, Atomic force microscopy (AFM)
Publisher: University of the Aegean
Year: 2010
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