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THE ADHESION OF SPAIN AND PORTUGAL IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE GREEK EXPORTS

By ΖΩΗ ΒΕΝΤΟΥΡΑ-ΝΕΟΚΟΣΜΙΔΗ

Abstract

IN THE PRESENT STUDY WE HAVE INVESTIGATED THE IMPACT ON GREEK EXPORTS DUE TO THE ADHESION OF SPAIN AND PORTUGAL IN THE EUROPEAN UNION, GIVEN THAT THE ABOVE THREE COUNTRIES HAVE HOMOGENATIES IN THE PRODUCTION AND EXPORT OF MANY PRODUCTS. WE HAVE PRESENTED COMPARATIVELY THE ECONOMIC FIGURES OF THE THREE COUNTRIESBEFORE AND A LITTLE AFTER THEIR ADHESION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. THEN WE INVESTIGATED THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THEIR COMMON PRODUCTS USING THE MULTIPLE REGRESSION METHOD WITH SHIFTED-SHARE ANALYSIS WE HAVE TESTED THE POSSIBLE LOSSES OF THE SHARES OF GREEK, SPANISH AND PORTUGESE PRODUCTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION MARKET FROM 1977 TO 1991. FROM THESE TWO COMPLEMENTARY METHODS, AS WELL AS BY THE QUALITATIVE ASPECTS OF THE PROBLEM WHICH HAVE RESULTED FROM FIELD RESEARCH, WE MAY CONCLUDE THAT THE NOTICEABLE DECREASE OF THE COMPETITIVENESS OF GREEK PRODUCTS IN DUE TO INTERNAL ECONOMIC PROBLEM OF THE CONTRY AND WAS DETERIORATEDMAINLY BY THE ADHESION OF THE TWO IBERIC COUNTRIES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION, PARTICULARLY BY THE ADHESION OF PORTUGAL.

Topics: Adhesions, Competitiveness, European Union, Greek economy, GREEK EXPORTS, PORTUGAL, Spain, Ανταγωνιστικότητα, ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΕΣ ΕΞΑΓΩΓΕΣ, Οικονομία, Ελληνική, Ένταξη, Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση, Ισπανία, ΠΟΡΤΟΓΑΛΙΑ
Publisher: Athens University Economics and Business (AUEB)
Year: 1995
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