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Comparison of fluorescent antibody and microscopic agglutination testing for Leptospira in pregnant and nonpregnant cows

By Sreekumari Rajeev, Roy D. Berghaus, Michael W. Overton, Mel E. Pence and Charles A. Baldwin


Abstract. Serum and urine samples from 30 cows (15 pregnant and 15 nonpregnant) from each of 10 Georgia dairy herds (total cows 5 300) were examined by microscopic agglutination testing (MAT) and direct fluorescent antibody testing (FAT), respectively. Seven of the 10 herds had at least 1 cow with a positive FAT, and all of the herds had at least 1 cow with a reciprocal MAT titer $100 for 1 or more serovars. Serological testing was not helpful in identifying the infecting serovar for cows with a positive FAT result. The MAT titers for all 7 of the serovars evaluated were significantly correlated with one another, with 17 (81%) of the 21 Spearman rank correlation coefficients $0.4 in magnitude. Twenty (56%) of 36 FAT-positive cows did not have a titer that was highest for any particular serovar. Four of the 7 herds that reported using a Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo-bovis vaccine had one or more FAT-positive cows compared with 3 out of 3 herds that reported they were not using this type of vaccine, although this difference was not statistically significant. Key words: Cattle; diagnosis; fluorescent antibody testing; Leptospira; microscopic agglutination testing

Year: 2016
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