Recent wide and deep surveys allow us to investigate the large scale structure of the\ud Universe at high redshift. We present studies of the clustering of high redshift galaxies\ud and galaxy clusters, using reprocessed UKIDSS DXS catalogues. The UKIDSS\ud DXS is one of the deepest near-IR surveys to date and provides sufficient samples\ud of the distant Universe.\ud Firstly we measure the angular correlation function of high redshift red galaxies\ud which are Extremely Red Objects (EROs) and Distant Red Galaxies (DRGs) in\ud Chapters 3 and 4 from DXS SA22 and Elais-N1 fields. We found that their angular\ud correlation functions can be described by a broken power-law. Thus we estimated\ud clustering properties on small and large scales separately. Then we found that\ud red or bright samples are more strongly clustered than those having the opposite\ud characteristics. In addition old, passive EROs are found to be more clustered than\ud dusty, star-forming EROs. The effect of cosmic variance on angular clustering was\ud also investigated.\ud Chapter 5 describes the halo modelling for the angular clustering of EROs. EROs\ud reside in in dark matter haloes having > 1012.9h−1M, and have a bias of 1.93 at z =\ud 1.12 and 3.17 at z = 1.55. From a direct comparison between the observed clustering\ud and the cosmological model, they show good agreement. However the cosmological\ud simulation may predict too many red satellites, especially at high redshfit.\ud In Chapter 6, we present the details of our cluster detection algorithm based\ud on the red sequence technique. This algorithm successfully found published galaxy\ud clusters in the DXS Elais-N1 field. We also found many overdensities in the DXS\ud SA22 field. Two prominent galaxy clusters were confirmed by spectroscopic observations,\ud and we identified a supercluster candidate. Finally the clustering strength\ud of candidate galaxy clusters showed good agreement with previous results and was\ud consistent with the ΛCDM prediction.\ud In the near future the full DXS catalogue will provide an opportunity to detect\ud various high redshift populations. With other advanced surveys, it will be possible\ud to investigate more details of the large scale structure of the Universe
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