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Improved shear design rules for lipped channel beams with web openings

By Keerthan Poologanathan and Mahen Mahendran

Abstract

Cold-formed steel Lipped Channel Beams (LCB) with web openings are commonly used as floor joists and bearers in building structures. The shear behaviour of these beams is more complicated and their shear capacities are considerably reduced by the presence of web openings. However, limited research has been undertaken on the shear behaviour and strength of LCBs with web openings. Hence a detailed numerical study was undertaken to investigate the shear behaviour and strength of LCBs with web openings. Finite element models of simply supported LCBs under a mid-span load with aspect ratios of 1.0 and 1.5 were developed and validated by comparing their results with test results. They were then used in a detailed parametric study to investigate the effects of various influential parameters. Experimental and numerical results showed that the current design rules in cold-formed steel structures design codes are very conservative. Improved design equations were therefore proposed for the shear strength of LCBs with web openings based on both experimental and numerical results. This paper presents the details of finite element modelling of LCBs with web openings, validation of finite element models, and the development of improved shear design rules. The proposed shear design rules in this paper can be considered for inclusion in the future versions of cold-formed steel design codes

Topics: 090506 Structural Engineering, Lipped channel beams, Web openings, Shear capacity, Cold-formed steel structures, Finite element analyses, Design rules
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2014.01.011
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.qut.edu.au:60810

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