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Malaria antibody persistence correlates with duration of exposure

By H.M. Faddy, C.R. Seed, M. J. Faddy, R.L. Flower and R.J. Harley

Abstract

Background and Objectives  In Australia, the risk of transfusion-transmitted malaria is managed through the identification of ‘at-risk’ donors, antibody screening enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) and, if reactive, exclusion from fresh blood component manufacture. Donor management depends on the duration of exposure in malarious regions (>6 months: ‘Resident’, <6 months: ‘Visitor’) or a history of malaria diagnosis. We analysed antibody testing and demographic data to investigate antibody persistence dynamics. To assess the yield from retesting 3 years after an initial EIA reactive result, we estimated the proportion of donors who would become non-reactive over this period. Materials and Methods  Test results and demographic data from donors who were malaria EIA reactive were analysed. Time since possible exposure was estimated and antibody survival modelled. Results  Among seroreverters, the time since last possible exposure was significantly shorter in ‘Visitors’ than in ‘Residents’. The antibody survival modelling predicted 20% of previously EIA reactive ‘Visitors’, but only 2% of ‘Residents’ would become non-reactive within 3 years of their first reactive EIA. Conclusion  Antibody persistence in donors correlates with exposure category, with semi-immune ‘Residents’ maintaining detectable antibodies significantly longer than non-immune ‘Visitors’

Topics: 010402 Biostatistics, 110802 Medical Infection Agents (incl. Prions), 111708 Health and Community Services, antibody persistence, blood donor, malaria
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1111/vox.12000
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.qut.edu.au:59165
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