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Preparing nanocomposite fibrous scaffolds of P3HB/nHA for bone tissue engineering

By Ashkan Heidarkhan Tehrani and Karbasi Saeed

Abstract

Nanocomposites are recently known to be among the most successful materials in biomedical applications. In this work we sought to fabricate fibrous scaffolds which can mimic the extra cellular matrix of cartilaginous connective tissue not only to a structural extent but with a mechanical and biological analogy. Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB) matrices were reinforced with 5, 10 and 15 %wt hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles and electrospun into nanocomposite fibrous scaffolds. Mechanical properties of each case were compared with that of a P3HB scaffold produced in the same processing condition. Spectroscopic and morphological observations were used for detecting the interaction quality between the constituents. Nanoparticles rested deep within the fibers of 1 μm in diameter. Chemical interactions of hydrogen bonds linked the constituents through the interface. Maximum elastic modulus and mechanical strength was obtained with the presence of 5%wt hydroxyapatite nanoparticles. Above 10%wt, nanoparticles tended to agglomerate and caused the entity to lose its mechanical performance; however, viscoelasticity interfered at this concentration and lead to a delayed failure. In other words, higher elongation at break and a massive work of rupture was observed at 10%wt

Topics: 090301 Biomaterials, 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials, 091209 Polymers and Plastics, 091308 Solid Mechanics, Nanocomposite, Fibrous scaffolds, Bone Tissue engineering, Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), Hydroxyapatite
Publisher: IEEE
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1109/ICBME.2010.5705012
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.qut.edu.au:58967
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