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Magnetic field control of ultracold atom-molecule collision\ud

By MUSIE BEYENE

Abstract

In this work we investigate the potential of controlling cold (O(K)−mK) and ultracold (mK-μK) atom-molecule collisions by tuning scattering states across Feshbach resonances using magnetic fields. We are interested in particular in the prospect of suppressing the often undesirable inelastic collisions. The He-O_2 system provides the vehicle for our study. We calculate bound and quasi-bound states of several isotopic combinations, including their Zeeman structure, to reveal the underlaying pattern for easier characterization of quasi-bound states in terms of rigorous and approximately good quantum numbers. These calculations also help us locate the fields at which zero-energy resonances will occur. Scattering calculations are then performed for collisions of 3^He and 4^He with {16}^O_2 at fixed (1 μK) energy but varying magnetic field. The field is varied to sweep the scattering state across resonance. At low and ultralow energies we enter the Wigner threshold regime where the S-partial wave dominates the wavefunction. The cross sections, and the real and imaginary parts of the scattering length, vary dramatically across resonance. Their profiles are used to analyze the resonances. In a highlight of our results we show that dramatic suppression of inelastic cross sections occur for 4^He-{16}^O_2 . The resonances are relatively wide (of order 100 Gauss), with suppression of inelastic scattering over a similarly wide range of fields and for temperatures ranging from 10 mK down to 1 μK. We conclude that under certain conditions it is possible to almost completely eliminate inelastic collisions. This is potentially very important for cooling techniques, such as evaporative and sympathetic cooling, that require efficient elastic cross sections. Suppression of inelastic collisions can not only increase thermalization efficiency but it can also result in longer trap-lifetimes by reducing transitions to untrapable states.\u

Topics: ultracold, resonant, collisions, atom-molecule, ultracold atom, ultracold molecule, Feshbach, scattering, suppression on inelastic, collision in field, PhD in ultracold scattering, low-energy scattering, Musie Beyene
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.dur.ac.uk:3196
Provided by: Durham e-Theses

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