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A prospective window into medical device-related pressure ulcers in intensive care

By Fiona M. Coyer, Nancy A. Stotts and Virginia Schmied Blackman

Abstract

Objective: \ud To determine the prevalence, severity, location, etiology, treatment, and healing of medical device-related pressure ulcers in intensive care patients for up to 7 days.\ud \ud Design: \ud Prospective repeated measures study.\ud Setting and participants: Patients in 6 intensive care units of 2 major medical centers, one each in Australia and the United States, were screened 1 day per month for 6 months. Those with device-related ulcers were followed daily up to 7 days.\ud \ud Outcome measures: \ud Device-related ulcer prevalence, pain, infection, treatment, healing. \ud \ud Results: \ud 15/483 patients had device-related ulcers and 9/15 with 11 ulcers were followed beyond screening. Their mean age was 60.5 years, most were men, over-weight, and at increased pressure ulcer risk. Endotracheal and nasogastric tubes were the cause of most device-related ulcers. Repositioning was the most frequent treatment. 4/11 ulcers healed within the 7 day observation period. \ud \ud Conclusion: \ud Device-related ulcer prevalence was 3.1%, similar to that reported in the limited literature available, indicating an ongoing problem. Systematic assessment and repositioning of devices are the mainstays of care. We recommend continued prevalence determination and that nurses remain vigilant to prevent device-related ulcers, especially in patients with nasogastric and endotracheal tubes

Topics: 110000 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, 111000 NURSING, Critical care;Cross-sectional study;Intensive care;Medical device-related pressure ulcer;Pressure ulcer;Prevalence;Prospective repeated measures
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1111/iwj.12026
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.qut.edu.au:58281

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