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Catalytic cracking of tar derived from rice hull gasification over palygorskite-supported Fe and Ni

By Haibo Liu, Tianhu Chen, Dongyin Chang, Dong Chen, Hongping He and Ray L. Frost

Abstract

The catalytic performance of Fe–Ni/PG (PG: palygorskite) catalysts pre-calcined and reduced at 500 ◦C for catalytic decomposition of tar derived through rice hull gasification was investigated. The materials were characterized by using X-ray diffraction, hydrogen temperature reduction, and transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that ferrites with spinel structure ((Fe, Ni)3O4) were formed during preparation of bimetallic systems during calcination and reduction of the precursors (Fe–Ni/PG catalysts) and NiO metal oxide particles were formed over Fe6–Ni9/PG catalyst. The obtained experimental data showed that Fe–Ni/PG catalysts had greater catalytic activity than natural PG. Tar removal using Fe6–Ni9/PG catalyst was as high as Fe10–Ni6/PG catalyst (99.5%). Fe6–Ni9/PG showed greater catalytic activity with greater H2 yield and showed stronger resistance to carbon deposition, attributed to the presence of NiO nanoparticles. Thus, the addition of nickel and iron oxides played an important role in catalytic cracking of rice hull biomass tar

Topics: 030606 Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy, Palygorskite clay, Nickel oxide, Catalytic cracking, Biomass tar, Hydrogen yield
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.molcata.2012.07.005
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.qut.edu.au:58126

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