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Camera calibration in wireless multimedia sensor networks

By Junbin Liu, Damien O'rourke, Tim Wark, Ruan Lakemond and Sridha Sridharan


Wireless Multi-media Sensor Networks (WMSNs) have become increasingly popular in recent years, driven in part by the increasing commoditization of small, low-cost CMOS sensors. As such, the challenge of automatically calibrating these types of cameras nodes has become an important research problem, especially for the case when a large quantity of these type of devices are deployed. This paper presents a method for automatically calibrating a wireless camera node with the ability to rotate around one axis. The method involves capturing images as the camera is rotated and computing the homographies between the images. The camera parameters, including focal length, principal point and the angle and axis of rotation can then recovered from two or more homographies. The homography computation algorithm is designed to deal with the limited resources of the wireless sensor and to minimize energy con- sumption. In this paper, a modified RANdom SAmple Consensus (RANSAC) algorithm is proposed to effectively increase the efficiency and reliability of the calibration procedure

Topics: 080104 Computer Vision, 090699 Electrical and Electronic Engineering not elsewhere classified, wireless sensor networks, camera calibration, homography
Publisher: I E E E
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1109/ISSNIP.2009.5416797
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