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Trauma type and posttrauma outcomes : differences between survivors of motor vehicle accidents, sexual assault, and bereavement

By Jane Shakespeare-Finch and Deanne Armstrong


Research examining post-trauma pathology indicates negative outcomes can differ as a function of the type of trauma experienced. Such research has yet to be published when looking at positive post-trauma changes. Ninety-Four survivors of trauma, forming three groups, completed the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) and Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R). Groups comprised survivors of i) sexual abuse ii) motor vehicle accidents iii) bereavement. Results indicted differences in growth between the groups with the bereaved reporting higher levels of growth than other survivors and sexual abuse survivors demonstrated higher levels of PTSD symptoms than the other groups. However, this did not preclude sexual abuse survivors from also reporting moderate levels of growth. Results are discussed with relation to fostering growth through clinical practice

Topics: 170106 Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology, Trauma, Posttraumatic Growth, Resilience
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1080/15325020903373151
OAI identifier:

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