Aortic Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm Isolation by Radiofrequency Ablation in Outflow


Idiopathic monomorphic ventricular tachycardia and premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) commonly arise from the right and left ventricular outflow tracts (VOT). Their mechanism is most commonly triggered activity from delayed after-depolarizations and successful ablation is per-formed at the site of earliest endocardial activation. Re-entrant mechanisms have been rarely de-scribed. We report a case of an otherwise healthy patient who ultimately underwent six electro-physiology studies (EPS) and suffered numerous implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) dis-charges prior to the successful radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of two idiopathic VOT tachycardias. During the sixth EPS, a proximal aortogram demonstrated a left aortic sinus of valsalva (LASV) aneurysm. Subsequntly, a novel and successful RFA strategy of aneurysm isolation was underta-ken. The presence of multiple clinical or inducible VT morphologies and the characterization of a VT as re-entrant should raise concerns that a complex arrhythmogenic substrate is present and defining the anatomy with angiography or an alternative imaging modality is essential in achiev-ing a successful ablation strategy

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