It is easy to assume that because Australia and the United States are both predominantly\ud English speaking countries that are relatively young and share many similarities in terms of their\ud historical beginnings, they elicit the same results when investigating psychological constructs. In\ud recent years this has been questioned across a number of domains (e.g., personality and\ud stereotyping) and research has demonstrated that although many constructs are universal, there\ud are differences between these nations; some subtle and others quite stark (McCrae et al., 2005;\ud Terraciano et al., 2005). In this chapter we discuss research that has investigated Posttraumatic\ud Growth (PTG) in various populations in Australia and highlight the similarities and differences\ud that have been found between Australian samples and those published in other countries,\ud especially the US. Data are drawn from quantitative and qualitative investigations conducted\ud with groups who have experienced diverse traumatic events as either direct survivors (e.g., rape,\ud armed hold-up, bereavement) or vicarious survivors (e.g., paramedics). A description of the\ud Australian context sets the scene for the ensuing discussion about PTG in Australian populations
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