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Performance of 181 chemicals in a Drosophila assay predominantly monitoring interchromosomal mhotic recombination

By Ekkehart W. Vogel and Madeleine J. M. Nivard


An evaluation is presented of the effects of 181 chemicals in the (white/white+) (H>/H'+) eye mosaic assay, an in vivo short-term test measuring genetic damage hi somatic cells of Drosophila after treatment of larvae. The genetic principle of this system is loss of heterozygosity for the wild-type reporter gene w+, an event predominantly resulting from homologous interchromosomal mitotic recombination between the two X chromosomes of female genotypes. The H>/H>+ eye mosaic test detects a broad spectrum of DNA modifications, since all distinct classes of genotoxins are monitored. Non-DNA-reactive chemicals are in principle not detected by this system. Occasional positive responses obtained for chemicals such as amitrole, ethionine and hexachloeroethane are probably not related to the mechanism responsible for their tumorigenicity

Topics: methyl vinylketone, 2-methyl-2-vinyloxirane and methyl
Year: 1993
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