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Abstract

Real-world problems are often complex and ill defined. For instance, imagine that you open the refrigerator to figure out what to cook for an unexpected dinner guest, but, to your hor-ror, you have only potatoes, tomatoes, onions, and eggs. In a flash of insight, you figure out the solution—a Spanish omelet! From among the many thousands of possible dishes, how did you manage to find this solution? And why is it that some peo-ple are much better than others at finding creative solutions to complex problems? In 1962, S. A. Mednick defined creativity as “the forming of associative elements into new combinations, which either meet specified requirements or are in some way useful” (p. 221). On the basis of this definition, Mednick developed a test of creativity called the remote associates test (RAT). Each question on the RAT is composed of three apparently unre-lated cue words that associate to or associate from a fourth word, which is the correct answer (e.g., cues: surprise, line, and birthday; answer: party). Early work established that RAT performance correlates with traditional measures of IQ (M. T

Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.952.9170
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