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Page 16 Type of Article: Original

By Hope Ilanye Bellgam and Yvonne Dabota Buowari


Background: Screening for early detection of diseases is an important public health principle. Breast self-examination is one of the vital screening techniques for early detection of breast disease and breast cancer, which is the commonest cancer in women. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008 in three Local Government Areas of Rivers State, Nigeria, using a structured questionnaire. Results: The age range of respondents was 21-85 years. Two hundred and eleven (16.06%) have heard of breast self-examination, of which 200(28.94%) practice It. Knowledge and awareness of BSE is affected by education as 3 (0.43%) of respondents with primary education, 146(21.13%) secondary education and 125(18.09%) with tertiary education have heard of breast self-examination. None of the respondents without formal education have heard or practice breast self-examination. Conclusion: In developing countries owing to resource crunch and diagnostic facilities being too costly, breast self-examination is an effective and economic preventive mode. Hence, early detection and screening by self-examination should be promoted

Topics: Key Words, Breast, Cancer, Examination, Developing Countries Correspondence, Dr H.I. Bellgam
Year: 2016
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