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Impact of molecular size on electron spin relaxation rates of nitroxyl radicals in glassy solvents between 100 and 300 K

By Hiedo Sato, Velavan Kathirvelu, Alistair Fielding, James P. Blinco, Aaron Micallef, Steven E. Bottle, Sandra S. Eaton and Gareth R. Eaton


Electron spin lattice relaxation rates were measured for 12 nitroxyls with molecular weights between 144 and 438, and for galvinoxyl, 1,3-bisdiphenylene-2-phenylallyl (BDPA), and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) in glassy sucrose octaacetate. Relaxation rates for polar nitroxyls also were measured in glassy sorbitol. Dependence on T where Veff is effective molecular volume and γ is a material-specific parameter, was used to compare processes. Values of Veff were determined based on molecular libration in glassy sucrose octaacetate (γ = 3.5), tumbling in viscous decalin at 233 K (γ = 4.7), or tumbling in heavy mineral oil (γ = 6.0). For nitroxyl relaxation there is a master curve: log(1/T1) vs log( T) (γ = 0.89). The similarity of the values of γ for the Raman process and for the additional process that contributes at higher temperatures, and the absence of frequency dependence between X- and Q-band, support assignment of this additional process as a local mode. For these radicals the contributions from the local mode and the Raman process are correlated and follow trends in spin-orbit coupling. The temperature dependence of spin echo dephasing in sucrose octaacetate is dominated by rotation of methyl groups and by a motional process analogous to the Raman process

Topics: 030602 Chemical Thermodynamics and Energetics, Nitroxyl radicals, Spin, lattice relaxation, Raman process, Local mode, Volume scaling of thermodynamic parameters
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1080/00268970701724966
OAI identifier:

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