Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Policy catch up: developing nations and developing ICT policy documents

By Jennifer A. Duncan-Howell and Kar-Tin Lee


The development of a national Information and Communication Technology (ICT) policy document is an intensive process. Ideally, when a country has prioritised the drafting of such a document, there is comprehensive development and consultation. The various stakeholders involved in this process are equally represented and time is available for conference and drafting. This process would be typical of many developed nations, who may now be progressing towards the fifth or sixth manifestation of their national ICT policy document. However, in developing nations there is a sense of urgency and perceived need to 'catch up' with the rest of the world. The process of drafting ICT policy documents for education is much shorter and more pressurised. Many of these developing nations look to the countries who are further down the path of policy development upon which to model their own document. This modelling offers both advantages and disadvantages. As much of the policy formulation work in developing countries is sponsored by external agencies, there is an additional pressure to be accountable and produce a document quickly. However, these processes may in fact be undermining the effectiveness of the document being drafted

Topics: 130304 Educational Administration Management and Leadership, 130399 Specialist Studies in Education not elsewhere classified
Publisher: British Educational Research Association (BERA)
Year: 2008
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2004). 1st Mission Report on the development process of national Information & Communication Infrastructure (NICI) policies, plans and strategies for The Gambia.
  2. (2008). Asia Profiles: Sri Lanka.
  3. (2003). Comparative Analysis of ICT Integration Initiatives in Korean, German and American Educations.
  4. (2006). Formulating Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Policy Through Discourse: How Internet Discussion Shape Policies on ICTs for Developing Countries Information Technology for Development,
  5. (2001). Guidelines for Sectoral ICT Policy and Planning: a consultation document.
  6. (2005). ICT Policy Formulation and e-Strategy Development.
  7. (2008). ICTs in Education Policies and Plans by Country, Global eschools and communities initiative.
  8. (1999). Information society policy in the developing world: a critical assessment. Third World Quarterly,
  9. (2005). Technology integration in education in developing countries: Guidelines to policy makers.
  10. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.