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A Multi-scale Finite Element Model of Tsing Ma Bridge for Hot Spot Stress Analysis

By Tommy H.T. Chan, Y. Yu, K.Y. Wong and L. Guo


Failure due to fatigue damage is an important failure mode for large suspension bridges and welded connections are usually identified as the most vulnerable locations for accumulative fatigue damage of existing bridges. The hot-spot stress approach has been successfully applied in fatigue evaluation of the welded joints. Traditionally a structural analysis using a global FE model is first conducted to determine the critical locations, based on which a local analysis is then carried out to obtain the hot-spot stress distribution that is the basis of fatigue status assessment process. Alternatively, a multi-scale model is proposed by using the mixed dimensional coupling method merging typical detailed joint geometry models into the global model so that the hot-spot stress can be directly output through a single step of analysis. As a case study, a multi-scale model of Tsing Ma Bridge was developed accordingly and the calculated results were compared with those of the global structural model and the structural health monitoring data with respect to first few order natural frequencies and vertical displacement at GPS level sensor-installed locations, and hot spot stress situation combined with stress concentration factors at a typical intersection joint. The comparison results show that the multi-scale model output agrees well with those of global model and monitoring data within the acceptable range, indicating that, at the same engineering level, the developed multi-scale model is more convenient and yet appropriate for the purpose of hot spot stress analysis in fatigue evaluation

Topics: 100000 TECHNOLOGY, 090500 CIVIL ENGINEERING, 090506 Structural Engineering, Mixed dimensional coupling, Multi, scale model, Large span bridge, Finite element analysis, Hot spot stress approach, Fatigue damage
Publisher: Southeast University Press
Year: 2007
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