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Classroom learning environments and students' approaches to learning

By Barry C. Dart, Paul C. Burnett, Gillian M. Boulton-Lewis, Jenny Campbell, David Smith and Andrea R. McCrindle


Four hundred and eighty-four students from two metropolitan secondary schools completed the Learning Process Questionnaire, the Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire and the Learner Self Concept scale. Relationships between perceptions of the classroom learning environment, approaches to learning and self concept as a learner were investigated. Gender and level of schooling (junior high versus senior high) differences were examined. Results showed Deep Approaches to learning were significantly related to classroom learning environments which were perceived to be highly personalised and to be encouraging active participation in the learning process and the use of investigative skills in learning activities. High learner self concept was positively associated with Deep Approaches to learning and with classrooms perceived as high in Personalisation. It was negatively associated with Surface Approaches to learning. Differences in perceptions of learning environments and approaches to learning in relation to gender and level of schooling were small. The implications of these findings are discussed and strategies for facilitating Deep Approaches to learning are referred to

Topics: 130309 Learning Sciences, learning environment, learning processes, self, concept
Publisher: Springer
Year: 1999
DOI identifier: 10.1023/A:1009966107233
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