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Dream emotions, waking emotions, personality characteristics and well-being – a positive psychology approach.

By Susan L. Gilchrist, John A. Davidson and Jane E. Shakespeare-Finch


The study aimed to discover whether personality characteristics and waking emotions relate to dreaming emotions. There were 123 participants ranging in age from 17 to 82 years. It was hypothesised that participants with significant positive emotional trait and state ratings in waking life would experience more positive dreams. Data collection utilized diaries and questionnaires including Hartmann’s Boundary Questionnaire, IPIP Emotional Stability Scale, Staats’ Hope Scale, Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule to assess personality and attitudinal characteristics. Participants recorded and rated their waking and dream emotions over a three-week period. Median correlations between corresponding waking and dream emotions were .58 for positive emotions and .47 for negative emotions. There were also low but significant correlations between some personality characteristics and participants’ tendency to experience positive or negative emotions in dreams

Topics: 170100 PSYCHOLOGY, dreams, personality, emotions
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1037/1053-0797.17.3.172
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