Hydrogen titanate nanofibers synthesized by a hydrothermal reaction, are chemically reactive, readily reacting with dilute acid. This reaction is a topochemical process in which in situ phase transition from H-titanate to anatase takes place and the product retains the fibril morphology. The extent of this reaction can be precisely controlled, allowing us to achieve a delicate composite structure at nanoscale: long titanate fibers of 40-100 nm thick and up to 30 m long covered with anatase nanocrystals of 10-30 nm. The structure has desired photocatalytic properties and can be separated readily after use. This study demonstrates new opportunities to create delicate inorganic nanostructures with advanced functions by wet chemical reactions
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