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Thermal decomposition and X-ray diffraction of sulphate efflorescent minerals from El Jaroso Ravine, Sierra Almagrera, Spain

By Ray L. Frost, Ashley C. Locke, Daria L. Wain, Jesus Martinez-Frias, Wayde N. Martens and Fernando Rull

Abstract

Two evaporite minerals fro the El Jaroso Ravine, Spain have been analysed by thermogravimetry coupled with an evolved gas mass spectrometer. X-ray diffraction results proved the evaporite minerals were a mixture of sulphates including the minerals magnesiocopiapite, coquimbite and possibly alunogen. Thermal decomposition of the unoxidised samples showed steps at 52, 99, 143 degrees Celsius confirmed by mass spectrometric results and attributed to adsorbed water, interstitial water and chemically bonded water. This evaporite mineral rock showed two higher temperature decomposition steps at 555 and 599 degrees Celsius with mass losses of 19.6 and 7.8%. Slightly different temperatures for the thermal decomposition of the oxadada sample were observed at 52, 64.5 and 100 degrees celsius. Two higher temperature mass loss steps at 560.5 and 651 degrees Celsius were observed for the oxidised sample. By comparison of the thermal analysis patterns of halotrichite and jarosite it can be shown that the El Jaroso samples are mineral sulphates and not halotrichite or jarosite

Topics: 030606 Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy, 030606 Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy, 030603 Colloid and Surface Chemistry, evaporite, jarosite, sulphate, dehydration, dehydroxylation, halotrichite, TG, MS, high, resolution thermogravimetric analysis
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.tca.2007.05.011
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.qut.edu.au:8684

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