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Quantitative Assessment of the Effect of Surface Deposition and Coagulation on the Dynamics of Submicrometer Particles Indoors

By Milan Jamriska and Lidia Morawska

Abstract

Exposure to airborne particles indoors depends on particle concentration, which is affected by air filtration, ventilation, and particle dynamics. The aim of this work was quantitative assessment of the effects of coagulation, surface deposition, and ventilation on the submicrometer particle concentration indoors. The assessment was obtained from measured particle loss rate and deposition velocity parameters. The experiments were conducted in an experimental chamber for three different types of aerosols: environmental tobacco smoke, petrol smoke, and ambient air aerosols. Particle number concentration and size distribution were measured in the size range between 0.017 and 0.898 wm by SMPS. The average values for the overall deposition loss rates varied from 4.3 2 10m5 sm1 (0.16 hm1) to 1.1 2 10m4 sm1 (0.39 hm1). The overall deposition velocities associated with surface deposition and coagulation ranged from 9.6 2 10m4 cm sm1 to 2.4 2 10m3 cm sm1, and for surface deposition only from 2.8 2 10m4 cm sm1 to 6.3 2 10m4 cm sm1. For indoor conditions with an air exchange rate above 1.3 hm1, (natural ventilation, no filters) only a reduction in particle number of about 20% is attributed to the surface deposition and coagulation

Topics: 040199 Atmospheric Sciences not elsewhere classified, Airborne fungi, Submicrometre particles, Supermicrometre particles
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1080/02786820300975
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.qut.edu.au:5796

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