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Radiation-induced ICAM-1 Expression via TGF-β1 Pathway on Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells; Comparison

By Between X-ray, Carbon-ion Beam Irradiation, Hiroki Kiyohara, Yasuki Ishizaki, Yoshiyuki Suzuki, Hiroyuki Katoh, Nobuyuki Hamada, Tatsuya Ohno, Takeo Takahashi, Yasuhiko Kobayashi and Takashi Nakano

Abstract

Adhesion of inflammatory cells to endothelial cells is considered to be involved in the process of radiation-induced damage and fibrosis. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) are thought to play important roles in this process. In this study, radiation-induced ICAM-1 expression on endothelial cells was investigated with the use of an inhibitor of TGF-β1 receptor kinase (SB431542) and the effects of X-ray and carbon-ion beam were compared. Cell cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVE cells) were incubated with TGF-β1 and irradiated with 140 KV X-ray. Next, HUVE cells were irradiated with X-ray and 220 MeV carbon-ion beam with or with-out SB431542. Immunofluorescence analysis was used to quantify ICAM-1 expression. The expression of ICAM-1 on HUVE cells was significantly increased by the stimulation with TGF-β1. Expression of ICAM-1 was increased by X-ray and carbon-ion beam irradiation and decreased significantly with SB431542 after both irradiations. The expression of ICAM-1 by 2 Gy of carbon-ion beam irradiation was 6.7 fold higher than that of non-irradiated cells, while 5 Gy of X-ray irradiation increased the expression of ICAM-1 by 2.5 fold. According to ICAM-1 expression, the effect of carbon-ion beam irradiation was about 2.2, 4.4 and 5.0 times greater than that of the same doses of X-ray irradiation (1, 2 and 5 Gy, respec-tively). The present results suggested that radiation-induced ICAM-1 expression on HUVE cells was, at least partially, regulated by TGF-β1. Carbon-ion beam induced significantly higher ICAM-1 expression than X-ray

Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.940.3398
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