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Improving transfer from the intensive care unit: The development, implementation and evaluation of a brochure based on Knowles' Adult Learning Theory

By Marion L. Mitchell and Mary D. Courtney


This paper describes the development, implementation and evaluation of a transfer brochure for family members of patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) to improve patient transfer to a general ward. When family members fail to understand information, they respond in ways that affect patient recovery. The brochure was designed within Knowles' Adult Learning Theory framework and developed using a multidisciplinary team. A mixed design was used to collect data from families and nurses. Results indicate that the brochure helped nurses to address the individual family's issues during transfer from ICU. Furthermore, 95% of nurses (n = 33) recommended its introduction for all future transfers. Family members (n = 82) who received the brochure as part of their transfer were significantly more satisfied with all aspects of transfer than those who experienced ad hoc transfer methods (n = 80). These results provide strong support for Knowles' Adult Learning Theory as an educational foundation for adult learning

Topics: 111003 Clinical Nursing - Secondary (Acute Care), 111000 NURSING, brochure, family, intensive care unit, Knowles' Adult Learning Theory, transfer
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1440-172X.2005.00533.x
OAI identifier:

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