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Employee perceptions in multinational companies : a case study of the Saudi Arabian basic industries corporation.

By Abdullah Hamad Al-Salamah
Topics: Management
Year: 1994
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.dur.ac.uk:1568
Provided by: Durham e-Theses

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  1. 01 I I 1938 1943 1948 1953 1958 1963 1968 1973 1978 1983 1988 1993 Years 10Table 2.1 Saudi oil revenue 1938-1993 (millions of dollars at current prices) Year Total amount Year Total amount 1938 0.1
  2. 116Items adapted from the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) were employed in measuring
  3. (1969). 192.4.1 The First Development Plan (19 70-1975)
  4. 2.4.4 The Fourth Development Plan (1985-1990) The
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  7. 244El Mallakh, R. and El Mallakh, D. H. (eds.) (1982) Saudi Arabia. Energy, Developmental Planning, and industrialisation. Lexington, Mass.: Heath & Co. doi
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  10. 247The Middle East (1993c) 'Oil: Bigger Share of a Smaller Market', no. 223, pp. 33-5.
  11. 248Quarterly Economic Review (1968-1993). London: The Economist Intelligence Unit.
  12. 249Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency (1980-90) Statistical Summaries. Riyadh: SAMA [in Arabic].
  13. 250Walker, J. (1992) Human Resource Strategy. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  14. 3. The government's share of the labour force could be more than is required. This could be due to the government policy of reducing the level of unemployment among its citizens. The government invested
  15. 3.6 New financial
  16. 45By the end of 1991, SABIC had eight subsidiaries dealing with marketing and production of various petrochemical and iron products, and
  17. 5. Finally, and more importantly, SABIC official depth
  18. 5.4 Employment and the private sector The doi
  19. 5.7
  20. 5.8 Other Saudisation prob'ems There is no clear policy
  21. 53The Economist in March 1985 explained how the European companies have
  22. (1993). 6.9 Statistical techniques Data preparation using the data obtained in the questionnaire was completed in January
  23. 7Chapter Two Saudi Economic Planning and Development2.1 The Saudi economy before 1937 Before King Abdul-Aziz bin Abdullrahman Al-Saud's unification of Saudi Arabia in 1932 there was no economic integration or economic
  24. 8 Please define their repatriation percentages in relation to their profits during the period of the study (1985-9 1).
  25. 9.1.1
  26. 92.2 The Saudi economy after 1937 Between 1932 (the date of unification) and 1960 Saudi Arabia received a measure of foreign aid.
  27. A high degree of satisfaction could also be explained by the Saudi government's
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  49. An important point is that by 'the private sector' Al-Odaily could mean Large companies such as SAB1C and ARAMCO which are mostly owned
  50. ARAMCO (1993) 'The Attempt of the Arab American Oil Corporation (ARAMCO) to Hire National Employment in the Private Sector. institute of Public Administration [in Arabic].
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  52. As regards the Western workers, 100 per cent of them
  53. As Table 7.2 shows, the Japanese are not the only foreign
  54. at doi
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  64. Birks and Sinclair's study depended on data collected before 1974, which relates to the generation who are the parents of the present youth of Saudi Arabia.
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  67. Both the east and west coasts of Saudi Arabia have extremely hot weather and humidity. This can create an uncomfortable environment
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  73. but fewer of them compared to other groups, except in 1991, when 34.9 per cent of Saudi employees received pay increases. It is too early to claim that there is pay discrimination against local employees although there were
  74. Cantwell, R. (1986) 'Training Expatriate and Local Nationals in the Middle East'. Workforce Management in the Arabian Peninsula.
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  82. Combining column's 4, 5 and 6 together, Table 8.4 shows that 159 (93%) Saudi
  83. common features among SABIC
  84. Council of Chamber of Commerce (1993) 'Orientation and Capabilities of Private Sector in Training and Preparing National Labour Force'. Institute of Public Administration [in Arabic].
  85. Cumulative loans disbursed by the SIDF from the date of its creation to the end of 1991 exceed SRI3.9 billion, of which 16.6. per cent (SR2,323.2 million) was directed to the chemical materials sector, 11 per
  86. Deutsche Entwickbung Gesellschaft 7 Would you please define their net profits during the period of the study (1985-9 1).
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  89. EFFECTS ON TRADE AND THE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS Interviews Conducted with Officials from SABIC How much revenue was generated for the local economy during 1985-91? 2
  90. El-Ayouty, Y. and Flint, D. (1982) 'Move Over'. Forbes, part 12, pp. 8 1-90.
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  92. employees
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  96. Field, P. (1979) 'Saudi industry: They Have the Gas But What Else? Euromoney, April, pp. 93-9.
  97. Figure 2.1 Total amount of Saudi oil revenue 193 8-1993 (billions of dollars at current prices) 120 100 I
  98. Figure 2.2 Growth in oil and non-oil sectors (annual real rates of growth in per cent) Years -.-Oil Sector (GDP) -.--Non-oil GDP -A-Private Sector -.- Government Sector Source: SAMA Annual Reports (1983, p. 71; 1984, p. 15 and 1991, p. 17).
  99. Figure 3.1 Distribution loan by the S1DF from 1983 to 1991 1200 1000 {dD 800 600 0 0 400 200 0 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 Years Source: Ministiy of industry and
  100. Fombrun, C. and Tichy, N. (1984) Strategic Human Resource Management. New York: Wiley. doi
  101. For example, Stevens in 1982 argued as follows: A very high oil price or problems over oil availability could seriously damage the economic health of customers as a result of recession or balance of payments problems, and so on. For Saudi Arabia
  102. Galor, 0. and Stark, 0. (1990) 'Migrants' Saving: the Probability of Return Migration and Migrants' Performance'. International Economic Review. vol. 31, pp. 463-7. doi
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  112. How much did SAB1C receive as export revenue during the period of this study (1985-91)? 3 Please give the amount of the above plants' imports during the study years. 4
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  114. In Au (1989b), op. cit., pp. 3 8-57.
  115. In joint venture enterprises, the effects of MNCs on sovereignty can be determined in the same way as those above, except that co-operative agreement should be the norm for such MNC involvement. The effect on
  116. In Roukis and Montana (1986b), op. cit., pp. 47-64.
  117. In Roukis and Montana (1986b), op. cit., pp. 89-93.
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  119. (1669). Introduction SABIC employees were attracted to
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  151. Oil was first produced in 1938, and in that
  152. On the whole, the policy of Japanese multinational companies is that overseas investment via partnerships with other countries is important for securing
  153. Other
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  183. Siegel, S. (1956) 'Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioural Sciences'. New York: McGraw-Hill. doi
  184. So far as the nationalities are concerned, Table 8.3 shows that the opportunities available for the training of SABIC's employees has
  185. some extent ________ satisfied ________ Saudi 32 36 66 31 6 171 _____________ (18.7%) (21.1%) (38.6%) (18.1%) (3.5.%) _________ Western
  186. Source: Figures for 1938-61, are from Young (1983, p. 125). The other figures are from SAMA Annual Reports, except for 1991-3 which has been estimated.
  187. Stevens, P. J. (1982) 'The Interaction Between Oil Policy and Industrial Policy in Saudi Arabia'. In El Mallakh and El Mallakh (1982), op. cit., pp. 27-46.
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  189. Table 7.2 shows that the majority of the sampled employees of IBN HYYAN Company were Saudi Arabian (42 employees, 63.6%
  190. Table 7.5 shows that there are 75 (73.5%) Saudi technicians, 23 (22.5%) expatriate technicians and only 4 (3.9%) from other developed countries employed
  191. Tandy, H. (1985) 'Products of the Desert Going for a Song'. Far Eastern Economic Review, vol. 128, part 24, pp. 105-6.
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  193. The Economist (1985a) 'World Business : "Saudi Arabia's Wish List for 1410 Anno Hegira", vol. 297, November 23, PP. 75-6.
  194. The Economist (1985b) 'World Business : "Serve up the Saudi Oil and Gas, but Hold the Petrochemicals", vol. 294, March 9, pp. 63-4.
  195. The Economist (1985c) 'The Importance of Gunk', vol. 294, March 9, p. 16.
  196. The Economist (1986) 'World Business: "Europe Calls the Saudis Bluff", vol. 298, January 18, p. 55.
  197. The Economist (1987) 'World Business: "Cracking Start from Saudi Chemicals", vol. 304, August 22, pp. 57-8.
  198. The first stage is the identification of training needs. Training officers
  199. The Holy Qur'an (1992) Almadina: King Fahad Printing Plant.
  200. The literature on employee participation in decision-making in Saudi Arabia and other countries, such as Al-Jofary (1983), Muna
  201. The Middle East (1992a) 'A Hint of Concern', no. 216, pp. 3 3-5.
  202. The Middle East (1992b) 'Back on Course for Growth', no. 208, pp. viviii.
  203. The Middle East (1992c) 'Confidence Begins to Show', no. 214, pp. 32-3. The Middle East (1992d) 'From Cash to Credit', no. 208, p. xviii.
  204. The Middle East (1992e) 'Give Us Room To Trade', no. 218, pp. 33-4. The Middle East (19920 'Why the Kingdom Has To Borrow', no. 207, p. 35.
  205. The Middle East (1993 a) 'As If There Was No Tomorrow', no. 220, pp. 7-8.
  206. The Middle East (1993b) 'Just Settling for Minibooms', no. 219, pp. 14-16.
  207. The Middle East (1993d) 'Special Report: Saudi Arabia Preserves Tradition in a Changing Society', no. 221, pp. 21-35.
  208. The Plan had an aim of increasing the total
  209. The second reason for the Saudi decision is that increasing the oil production increased the total revenue that could be used for the diversification of
  210. The SPB did not succeed as had been expected, because it faced the same problems as the EDC. There
  211. There was little foreign investment; by the end
  212. This
  213. This is to
  214. Turning to Saudi workforce, 80.1 per cent were satisfied with their salaries, slightly more than the other two groups. The reason for this could be their feeling that they receive
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