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Regulation of floral patterning and organ identity by Arabidopsis ERECTA-family receptor kinase genes

By Shannon M. Bemis, Jin Suk Lee, Elena D. Shpak and Keiko U. Torii


Due to the lack of cell migration, plant organogenesis relies on coordinated cell proliferation, cell growth, and dif-ferentiation. A flower possesses a complex structure, with sepals and petals constituting the perianth, and stamens and pistils where male and female gametophytes differentiate. While advances have been made in our understanding of gene regulatory networks controlling flower development, relatively little is known of how cell–cell coordination influences floral organ specification. The Arabidopsis ERECTA (ER)-family receptor kinases, ER, ER-LIKE1 (ERL1), and ERL2, regulate inflorescence architecture, organ shape, and epidermal stomatal patterning. Here it is reported that ER-family genes together regulate floral meristem organization and floral organ identity. The stem cell marker CLAVATA3 exhibits misplaced expression in the floral meristems of the er erl1 erl2 mutant. Strikingly, homeotic con-version of sepals to carpels was observed in er erl1 erl2 flowers. Consistently, ectopic expression of AGAMOUS, which determines carpel identity, was detected in er erl1 erl2 flower primordia. Among the known downstream com-ponents of ER-family receptor kinases in stomatal patterning, YODA (YDA) is also required for proper floral pattern-ing. YDA and the ER-family show complex, synergistic genetic interactions: er erl1 erl2 yda quadruple mutant plants become extremely small, callus-like masses. While a constitutively active YDA fully rescues stomatal clustering in e

Year: 2016
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