Location of Repository

Rediscovering the music of the silence - what can Cesar Manrique's spirituality add to the renewal of the reformed spirituality of the United Reformed Church?

By Derek Munro Hopkins


Spirituality has become a discipline, which in many ways is now separated from religious activity. It has gathered a momentum of its own, whilst at the same time spirituality within churches, particularly the United Reformed Church, appears to be in decline. The contrast between these activities, inside and outside the church, prompted this investigation. The starting point was the author’s personal experience of spiritual renewal through the work of César Manrique in Lanzarote which posed the question, could those experiences be helpful in re-energising the spiritual life of the URC? Bevans’ transcendental model of contextual theology was used to examine and assess Manrique’s work in Lanzarote and three measures of Reformed theology, the Bible, prayer, and engagement with the world as the gauge of authenticity. Three things were identified as being particularly relevant to the URC; firstly enabling people to reconnect with, and to value, their traditions; secondly, engagement with the world, through nature, creating places of opportunity for engagement with God and for spiritual renewal; and thirdly, ‘discovering the music of the silence’ – the process of interior renewal through engagement with the natural world. Ways of implementation and development of these ideas within the URC were examined

Topics: BX Christian Denominations
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.bham.ac.uk:1546

Suggested articles



  1. (2007). A brief history of Spirituality. doi
  2. (2001). A Closer Look at New Age Spirituality. Eastbourne: Kingsway Communications Ltd.
  3. A Dialogue with God and other sermons and addresses.
  4. (2009). A Garland in Place of Ashes: Transformative Spirituality and Mission
  5. (1974). A Theology of Liberation: doi
  6. (2009). Alcoholics Anonymous doi
  7. (2003). Alternative Worship.
  8. (2008). Animating Grace: The practice of Authority and Order in a Reformed Church. Doctor of Theology Dissertation,
  9. (1994). Begrimed and Black.
  10. (2003). Being Biblical. London: United Reformed Church.
  11. (1989). Betancourt’s arrival in Lanzarote in 1402. Lancelot Edition 44, Arricife,: Antonio Coll.
  12. (1960). Calvin Institutes of the Christian Religion, doi
  13. (2004). Calvin on Piety Ed. McKim D.K. The Cambridge Companion to John Calvin, Cambridge: doi
  14. (2007). Catch the Vision of God’s Tomorrow West Midlands Synod Summary of the findings from the visits to Churches in the Synod
  15. (1999). Celtic Spirituality. doi
  16. (1997). César Manrique in his own words.
  17. (1997). César Manrique in the 1960s – Between Lanzarote and New York. Lancelot Edition 64. Arricife: Antonio Coll.
  18. (1985). César Manrique Lancelot Edition 4. Arricife: Antonio Coll,
  19. (1995). César Manrique. Lancelot Edition 59, Arricife: Antonio Coll.
  20. (2003). César Manrique. Lancelot Special Edition Magazine. Arricife: Antonio Coll.
  21. (2001). Changing World Changing Church,
  22. (2006). Christian Roots, Contemporary Spirituality.
  23. (1988). Christian spirituality in the High Middle Ages and Reformation, doi
  24. (2001). Christian spirituality.
  25. (2006). Christianity Rediscovered,third impression.
  26. (2008). Christianity-Calvin,
  27. (2005). Christianity’s Ecological Revolution.,
  28. (1937). Church of Scotland online a) http://www.churchofscotland.org.uk/churchwithoutwalls/index.htm Church of Scotland online b) http://www.churchofscotland.org.uk/churchwithoutwalls/cwwstories.htm Church of Scotland
  29. (1990). Come Holy Spirit. Selly Oak,
  30. (1990). Community and the politics of Place. Norman Oklahoma:
  31. (1976). Contemporary Transformations of Religion. London:
  32. (2005). Creation Spirituality in Ed Taylor
  33. (1996). Daily Prayer in the Reformed Tradition,
  34. (1990). Discerning Spirit.
  35. (2005). Do Christians know how to be Spiritual?
  36. (1949). Dogmatics in Outline.
  37. (1995). Drink Federation doi
  38. Eds (2007) Reformed Theology: Identity and ecumenicity II: biblical interpretation in the Reformed tradition. Grand Rapids: Eermans. doi
  39. (2009). Encountering the secular. doi
  40. (2002). Essence Eastbourne: Kingsway Communications Ltd.
  41. (1993). Evangelical Spirituality, past glories, present hopes, future possibilities. St Antholin‘s Lectureship Charity Lecture
  42. (1991). Evangelical Spirituality.
  43. (2009). Evolutionary origins of human brain and spirituality, doi
  44. (1985). Faith and Life Committee Report to General Assembly.
  45. (2003). Five guiding principles in determining biblical orthodoxy, Open Source Theology.
  46. Forsyth P.T.(1996) The Soul of Prayer, fifth impression.
  47. (1998). Future Church.
  48. (2004). Glenn Hinson: Extraordinary “Ordinary Saint”, Perspectives in Religious Studies. Volume 31, Spring
  49. (2002). God is Dead;secularization in the West.
  50. (2008). Governance’ in The Routledge Companion to the Christian Church. doi
  51. (2001). Groundwork of Christian spirituality.
  52. (1993). In face of mystery. doi
  53. (1960). Institutes of the Christian Religion.
  54. (1979). Interim report Priorities and resources group presented to General assembly.
  55. (2001). Introducing the Reformed Faith.
  56. (2000). Introduction to Type, 6th Edition.
  57. (2003). Iona Abbey Music Book songs from the Iona Abbey Worship group,
  58. J.(2006) Christian Spirituality God’s Presence Throughout the Ages. Maryknoll NY:
  59. (2003). Jesus and the Earth London:
  60. (2006). Karl Barth and evangelical theology: convergences and divergences. Milton Keynes:
  61. (1997). Knowing me Knowing God , Exploring your spirituality with Myers-Briggs.
  62. (1998). Lanzarote arquitectura inedita, 2nd edition.
  63. (1996). Lanzarote News Roundup. Lancelot Edition 59. Arricife: Antonio Coll,
  64. (1995). Lanzarote: ante de César. Arricife: Cabildo Insular De Lanzarote.
  65. (2006). Lanzarote: Foundacion César Manrique.
  66. (2009). Let us Pray – Renewing the prayer life of our church.
  67. (2008). Letting God be God The Reformed Tradition .
  68. (2000). M). The Manual , London: The United Reformed Church. United Reformed Church (2 002) Mission Council Minute 02/97.
  69. McGinn B.(1989) Christianity spirituality: origins to the Twelfth Century.
  70. (1992). McIntosh A.(2004) Soil and Soul. London: Aurum Press, McKim D.
  71. (2010). Mission Shaped Evangelism.
  72. (2006). Mission-Shaped Spirituality.
  73. (1993). Missionary Conquest, The Gospel and Native American Cultural Genocide.
  74. (2007). Models of Contextual Theology Revised and Expanded Edition.
  75. (1995). Models of Contextual Theology: The Struggle for Cultural Relevance, The Ecumenical Review.
  76. (2001). Moving beyond mere Religion – Authentic Spirituality. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Academic .
  77. (1990). Must God Remain Greek?
  78. (2003). Natura Y Cultura De Las Islas Canarias. Tenerife: Tafor Publicaciones.
  79. (1998). Natural Church Development Handbook.
  80. (2010). Nature-Based Recreation and Spirituality: A Complex Relationship, doi
  81. (1991). Nature, Faith and Order – What is the United Reformed Church? United Reformed Church
  82. (2004). Neotic sin, neutrality, and contextualisation:How culture receives the Gospel, Detroit Baptist Seminary Journal.
  83. (2000). Original Blessing a primer in creation spirituality.
  84. (2005). Pantheism in Ed Taylor
  85. (1972). Paths in Spirituality. doi
  86. (2006). personal interview
  87. (2000). Post Modern Pilgrims: First Century Passion for the 21st century world.
  88. (2006). Practical Theology in Action .
  89. (2003). Prayer and Priesthood of Christ. doi
  90. (2010). Predictors of the importance of spiritual and religious beliefs among university students. doi
  91. (2006). President Of César Manrique Foundation personal interview,
  92. (2010). Questing for Well-Being at Weight Watchers: The Role of the Spiritual -Therapeutic Model in a Support Group,
  93. (2005). Quiet Spaces, Edition 1. Oxford: Bible Reading Society.
  94. R.(1995) Being human, being church.
  95. (2008). Radical' Archbishop of York set to attend Kirk's National Gathering 10,000 expected at Ingliston this weekend.
  96. (2005). Radio 4,
  97. (2004). Record of General Assembly, URC National Church Life Survey Report
  98. (1999). Reformation Thought, 3rd edn,
  99. (1991). Reformed Spirituality an introduction for believers. Louisville & London: Westminster / doi
  100. (2004). Reformed Theology and Visual Culture. Cambridge: doi
  101. (2003). Reformed Theology: Identity and ecumenicity. doi
  102. (2001). Reformed Worship .
  103. (2002). Reforming theology : explorations in the theological traditions of the United Reformed Church. London:United Reformed Church.
  104. (1994). Religion in Britain since 1945: believing without belonging,
  105. (2003). Religion vs Spirituality: A Contemporary Conundrum, Spiritus: doi
  106. (1990). Reports to General Assembly.
  107. (1998). Reports to General Assembly. Reports from Synods.
  108. (1987). Reports to General Assembly.p.178.
  109. (2008). Review Article: Letting God be God, doi
  110. (1987). Saints: visible, orderly, and catholic. The Congregational idea of the Church. Geneva: World Alliance of Reformed Churches. doi
  111. (2004). Secular lives, sacred hearts.
  112. (2005). Selling Spirituality – The Silent Take Over of Religion.
  113. (2010). Spiritual therapeutic landscapes and healing: A case study of St.
  114. (2001). Spirituality and Mental Health Care. London &
  115. (2007). Spirituality and Mental Heath across Cultures in Coyte
  116. (2000). Spirituality in a Post Modern Era”,
  117. (2009). Spiritually and Social change: Rebuilding the Human City, Spiritus:
  118. (2004). Spring 2004, He was ancient Before Ancientfuture Was Cool, Perspectives
  119. (2007). Teaching spirituality to student midwives: A creative approach, Nurse Education and Practice. Vol 7,
  120. (2006). The Alchemist.
  121. (2010). The Alpha Course Website
  122. (1993). The Body of God An Ecological Theology. doi
  123. (2004). The Cambridge Companion to John Calvin. Cambridge; doi
  124. (2009). The Case for God What religion Really Means. London: The Bodley Head.
  125. (2007). The Challenges and responsibilities of Contextual Theology,
  126. (2002). The Christian Faith An introduction to Christian Doctrine. doi
  127. (2006). The Christian Knowledge of God.
  128. (1986). The Church in the Midst of Creation.
  129. (2002). The Church of the living God: a Reformed perspective. doi
  130. (2010). The Church Without Walls Website
  131. (2010). The Concept of Spirituality. Ahmedabad:
  132. (1995). The Conquest of Lanzarote. Lancelot Edition 58. Arricife: Antonio Coll.
  133. (2001). The death of Christian Britain.
  134. (1991). The Ethics of Authenticity London:
  135. (2010). The Fresh Expressions Website
  136. (1995). The Good City and the Good Life. Boston Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin. Lanzarote information (2010) www.lanzaroteinformation.com .
  137. (1998). The Guanches survivors and their descendants, 12 th edition. Tenerife: Jose Luis Concépcion.
  138. (2010). The Iona Community (spring 2009) The Iona Communities Ann ual Report, Coracle. Issue 4/39, p.9. The Iona Community Video, The Iona Community Todays challenge, tomorrows hope. Video,
  139. (2000). The Labyrinth.
  140. (1978). The Land: Place as gift, Promise and Challenge in Biblical Faith.
  141. (1999). The New Alchemists. doi
  142. (1993). The one, the three and the many: God creation and the culture of modernity. Cambridge: doi
  143. (1988). The Reformation’, in The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church, ed by J D Douglas, rev edn, Grand Rapids: Zondervan,
  144. (2007). The Religious Crisis of the 1960’s.
  145. (2010). The role of spirituality and/or religiousness in psychiatry,
  146. (1997). The Self after Postmodernity. doi
  147. (2003). The Speckled People. London: Fourth Estate.
  148. (1998). The Spirit of the Child. doi
  149. (2005). The Spiritual Dimension. Cambridge:
  150. (2007). The Spiritual Foundation: Awareness and Context for People’s Lives Today in Coyte
  151. (1979). The spiritual nature of Man. doi
  152. (2010). The spiritual needs of neuro-oncology patients from patients’ perspective, doi
  153. (2005). The Spiritual Revolution; why religion is giving way to spirituality. doi
  154. (1986). The Study of Spirituality. doi
  155. (2010). The Taizé Community Website
  156. (2003). The Volcano’s Gift. Lancelot Edition 89, Arricife: Antonio Coll,
  157. (2003). The Woodlands Project listening to the community.
  158. (2002). This is the day – readings and meditations from the Iona Community.
  159. (2008). Thought for the Day
  160. (1999). Towards the future of Reformed Theology. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.
  161. translated by Rev.John Pringle (1849) Commentary on The Book of Isaiah. Edinburgh:The Calvin Translation Society.
  162. (2000). Truthful Action Explorations in Practical Theology. doi
  163. (2000). Understanding The Spirituality Of People Who Don’t Go To Church.
  164. (1995). Unfinished business : children and the churches.
  165. (2008). Why Did the United Reformed Church Fail? Part 1,
  166. (2008). Why Did the United Reformed Church Fail?,
  167. (2009). Why Did the United Reformed Church Fail?, Part 4
  168. (2001). Wind of the Spirit.
  169. (1984). Wine Growing in Lanzarote. Lancelot Edition 2. Arricife: Antonio Coll,
  170. (2010). www,gear.org.uk, accessed
  171. (2010). Yea r Book pp.14-15 Veith, G.E.(1985) Reformation Spirituality. London &

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.