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The role of the police in violence prevention1 The role of the police in controlling and preventing violence and crime is the subject of muchdebate—often highly charged and supported by partial data at best. Broadly, the debate breaks downinto two opposing views that represent the two ends of a continuum of crime prevention programs: One view asserts the importance of the police role in controlling crime through effective law enforcement that removes criminals from the streets and increases the potential cost of committing crime, thus deterring potential offenders. The other viewpoint posits that police actions operate at the margins rather than at the root causes of crime and so have little impact on broad trends in crime rates, which are fundamentally driven by economic, demographic, social, and cultural factors

Year: 2016
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