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Ammonia excretion in Penaeus monodon postlarvae during handling and transfer.

By Jesus Manolo E. Almendras


The ammonia excretion rate was used as an index of the physiological state of Penaeus monodon poltlarvae (PL) by monitoring excretion rates after handling and transfer to physiologically different media. The ammonia excretion rate of postlarval P. monodon increased from a mean of 0.543 µg to 0.815 µg total NH<sub>3</sub>-N per mg dry wt per hour after transfer from 32 to 20 ppt sea water. PL transferred to 40 ppt showed a significant decrease in excretion rate to 0.423 µg total NH<sub>3</sub>-N per mg dry wt per hour. These changes in excretion rate after transfer to different salinities were only temporary since acclimatized PL showed only minor deviations in excretion rate from the control. PL transferred from normal (8.2) to low (7.2) pH had elevated ammonia excretion rates, from 0.591 µg to 0.733 µg total NH<sub>3</sub>-N per mg dry wt per hour, while those transferred to high pH (9.2) had excretion rates that dropped drastically to 0.259 µg. About 40% of the PL in high pH were moribund after the 150 min exposure. The ammonia excretion rate of PL after a 1 hour feeding was twice that of unfed PL during the first 15 min after transfer. This difference narrowed with time and was no longer significant at 75 min after transfer which also the duration that represented the postprandial surge in ammonia excretion after the 1 hour feeding

Topics: Penaeus monodon, Ammonia, Animal physiology, Biological stress, Excretion, Handling, Shrimp culture
Publisher: Society of Israeli Aquaculture and Marine Biotechnology
Year: 1994
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