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Ramadan school holidays as a natural experiment : impacts of seasonality on school dropout in Bangladesh

By Abu S. Shonchoy and Seiro Ito


In 2000, Ramadan school vacation coincided with the original annual exam period of December in Bangladesh. This forced schools to pre-pone their final exam schedules in November, which was the month before the harvest begins. 'Ramadan 2000' is a natural experiment that reduced the labor demand for children during the exam period. Using household level panel data of 2000 and 2003, and after controlling for various unobservable variations including individual fixed effects, aggregate year effects, and subdistrict-level year effects, this paper finds evidence of statistically significant impact of seasonal labor demand on school dropout in Bangladesh among the children from agricultural households

Topics: Bangladesh, Child labor, Schools, Labor market, Drop out, Seasonal labor demand, School calendar, 366.38, ASBG Bangladesh バングラデシュ, I28 - Government Policy, J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity, O13 - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products, O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Publisher: 日本貿易振興機構アジア経済研究所
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:ir:2344/1084
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