Investigation of Factors Contributing to Diabetes Risk in American Indian/Alaska Native Youth


Abstract: This study investigated the relationship between family history, sedentary behaviors, and childhood risk for type 2 diabetes. Participants were 480 students attending schools on or near an American Indian reservation. Data were collected through survey and BMI measurement. Children who frequently watched television or played video games did not signifi cantly diff er in BMI compared to peers. However, children with a parental history of diabetes had signifi cantly higher BMIs than children without. Type 2 diabetes is approaching epidemic rates of prevalence (Centers for Disease Control [CDC], 2002), especially among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Furthermore, type 2 diabetes is affl icting AI/ANs at a continually younger age of onset. Several studies have been done to investigate the cause of diabetes (Hegele, Cao, Harris, Hanley, &amp

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