Inverse filter design for immersive audio rendering over loudspeakers


Abstract—Immersive audio systems can be used to render virtual sound sources in three-dimensional (3-D) space around a listener. This is achieved by simulating the head-related transfer function (HRTF) amplitude and phase characteristics using digital filters. In this paper, we examine certain key signal processing considerations in spatial sound rendering over headphones and loudspeakers. We address the problem of crosstalk inherent in loudspeaker rendering and examine two methods for im-plementing crosstalk cancellation and loudspeaker frequency response inversion in real time. We demonstrate that it is possible to achieve crosstalk cancellation of 30 dB using both methods, but one of the two (the Fast RLS Transversal Filter Method) offers a significant advantage in terms of computational efficiency. Our analysis is easily extendable to nonsymmetric listening positions and moving listeners. Index Terms—Crosstalk cancellation, head-related transfer function, 3-D audio signal processing. I

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