$6.50 THE POLITICS OF INTERVENTION The Military Occupation of Cuba, 1906-1909

Abstract

Roosevelt sent 5,000 American troops to Cuba to put an end to insurrection and assumed direct control of the Cuban government. The United States Army occupied the island almost three years in an attempt to restore the status quo ante bellum—to re store, that is, that measure of stability that had been Cuba's following the Spanish-American War. The occupation was based on the assumption that insuring the peace of an area was the purpose of intervention and that stability was the necessary outgrowth of any public order that was established. Although the Army was in Cuba to serve as the instrument of American policy, its officers often favored alternative goals to those prescribed by official policy. Some be lieved that American interests would best be served if fundamental changes in Cuban domestic institutions were encouraged; and although they agreed that supervised elec tions were essential to a graceful withdrawal on the part of the United States, they main tained that elections were not the same as the reforms that they saw as the key to the stability that it was their obligation to assure. Mr. Millett's investigation of the Cuban intervention does much to reveal the larger dimensions of an issue that continues to exer cise our government today. For the question of whether temporary stability brought about by force but unaccompanied by reform can result in lasting peace is one that continues to confront those who formulate our present policy in Latin America and, perhaps, in all other parts of the world as well. Allan R. Millett is assistant professor of hi

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