1 The Role of Gender in the arrative Production of Primary School Students


Communication is one of the important functions of language. From a sociolinguistic point of view, speakers transfer meaning and intention through linguistic interactions. Narrative ability is considered as a part of language communicative proficiency and by examining this ability some aspects of communicative function can be tested too. In Iranian educational system, teaching and practicing the ability to narrate have somehow been neglected and no significant improvement is seen in primary school students through their school career. In this article, the total narrative ability is divided into two categories: Narrative Style and Grammatical Accuracy. Narrative Style includes such features as narrative coherence, core plot components, and engagement, while Grammatical Accuracy entails such items as using appropriate conjunctions, dominant aspect, and relevant lexical items. The instrument used to produce the story is Mercer Mayor’s book (1960), known as “The Frog Story”. It is a wordless story which consists of 24 pictures. In this article, some students of both genders at Ilam primary schools (2 nd and 4 th graders) are compared from a communicative standpoint. The results show that female students seem to be more proficient in narrating the story than their male counterparts. In other words, the story produced by female students is more coherent; besides, the lexical items used by female students seem to be more relevant. This shows that gender has a profound impact on the students ’ narrative skill

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