(1995). 15 In his now-classic theory of the diffusion of innovation,
(2001). 23 Comparing UKCGO figures with those from Becta, their
(2004). 24 Internet use for UK children is considerably higher than for many other countries in Europe. A recent Eurobarometer survey found that the European average for 12-15 year olds is 73% and for 16-17 year olds is 83% (Eurobarometer,
(2004). 28 The ‘Index of Multiple Deprivation’ for England
(2001). 29 The sample sizes of different minority groups were too small to break down these figures further (1,333 respondents were of white background, 91 Asian, 35 black, 4 Chinese and 39 of mixed ethnic background.) 30 Caron and Caronia
(2001). 3 The project develops an earlier project in which the first author conducted participant observation in thirty families (Livingstone and Bovill,
(2003). 32 The Oxford Internet Survey found that in 2003, 11% of British households had broadband, and 24% were planning to go broadband within the following year (OxIS,
(2003). Apart from Technology: Understanding people’s non-use of information and communication technologies in everyday life.
(1999). Bolter and Grusin
(2002). Effects of Training on Internet Self-Efficacy and Computer User Attitudes.
(2003). For full details of the research and related publications, see www.children-goonline.net.
(2000). Kids.net. London: National Opinion Poll. www.nop.co.uk Winston,
(1995). Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet.
(1992). Make Room for TV: Television and the family ideal in postwar America.
(2000). Nothing New Under the Sun: Old fears and new media.
ONS data on recent trends in UK household access to the internet are as follows: 9% in
(2002). Primary Issues in Internet Use: Access, civic and community involvement, and social interaction and expression.
(2001). Privacy Policies on Children’s Websites: Do they play by the rules?
(2003). Technology and Social Inclusion: Rethinking the digital divide.
(2004). Teenage Life Online: The rise of the instantmessage generation and the internet’s impact on friendships and family relationships. Pew Internet and American Life. www.pewinternet.org Pew
(1999). Television and New Media Audiences.
(1999). term this process ‘remediation’, with the new arrival altering the relations of use among the already-established activities in the media environment and, typically, resulting in increased specialisation in the uses of older media.
(1999). The Online Kids: Children’s participation on the internet.
(2004). These quarterly statistics on internet access and use draw from the national ‘Expenditure and Food Survey’ of individuals aged 16+. Similarly, the Oxford Internet Survey (OxIS,
(2002). They came, they surfed and then went back to the beach’: Conceptualizating use and non-use of the internet.