Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

“Naturalizing the nation”: the rise of naturalistic nationalism in the United States and Canada

By Eric P. Kaufmann


Perhaps the most vexing problem in philosophy and social theory concerns the relative importance of material and ideal factors for social action. Karl Marx, for instance, with his notion of base and superstructure and his materialistic interpretation of the dialectic process, made a clean break from the idealism of his Hegelian heritage (McLellan 1977:390; Swingewood 1991:62–63). Nevertheless, idealism proved resilient and later came to inform the thinking of both actor-oriented (that is, phenomenologist, ethnomethodologist, symbolic interactionist) and structure-oriented (that is Functionalist, Structuralist) theorists

Topics: polsoc
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Year: 1998
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1977). (First published 1807). The Phenomenology of Spirit.
  2. (1908). (First published 1854). Walden, or Life in the Woods. doi
  3. (1915). (first published 1875). Die schweizerische Nationalität.
  4. 1827 (2nd Ed.). First published 1823. The Pioneers.
  5. 1890. Canada First: a memorial of the late William Alexander Foster,
  6. 1991.'The Forest and Canadian Culture', paper delivered for the Canadian Institute of Forestry, The Inn on the Park,
  7. (1994). A Brief History of American Culture.
  8. (1989). A History of Canadian Literature.
  9. (1991). A Short History of Sociological Thought. MacMillan: Houndsmills, doi
  10. (1982). A Vision Beyond Reach: A Century of Images of Canadian Destiny. doi
  11. (1989). Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America, doi
  12. (1993). American Socialists and Evolutionary Thought, doi
  13. (1990). An American Vision: Far Western Landscape and National Culture, doi
  14. Canada First [microform] : an address [s.n.],
  15. (1986). Canada, Quebec and the Uses of Nationalism. doi
  16. (1994). Canada: An American Nation?: Essays on Continentalism, Identity and the Canadian Frame of Mind. Montreal-Kingston: doi
  17. (1997). Condemned to Rootlessness: The Loyalist Origins of Canada's Identity Crisis', doi
  18. (1994). European and English Landscapes as National Symbols',
  19. (1993). Fields of Vision. Landscape Imagery and National Identity in England and the United States. doi
  20. (1982). Foreigners, Aliens, Mongrels: Literary Responses to American Immigration,
  21. (1986). Frank H. Underhill: Intellectual Provocateur. doi
  22. (1988). From Ethnic to Civic Nationalism: English Canada and Quebec', doi
  23. (1994). From Michelet to Braudel: Personality, Identity and Organization in France',
  24. (1965). Frontier: American Literature and the American West. doi
  25. (1982). Gardens, Covenants, Exiles: Loyalism in the Literature of Upper Canada/Ontario. Toronto-Buffalo-London:
  26. (1965). Historians against History: The Frontier Thesis and the National Covenant in American Historical Writing since 1830. doi
  27. (1984). Historical Consciousness in Nineteenth Century America', doi
  28. (1968). Imperial Sentiment in the Province of Canada during the Crimean War, 1854-1856',
  29. (1977). Introduction',
  30. (1977). Karl Marx: Selected Writings. doi
  31. (1965). Lament For A Nation: The Defeat of Canadian Nationalism, Toronto/Montreal: McClelland and Stewart.
  32. (1995). Landscape and Memory. doi
  33. Letters from an American Farmer. doi
  34. (1937). Middletown in Transition: a study in cultural conflicts. doi
  35. (1988). Mountains to Match the Man: National Identity and the Mountain in American Literature. Unpublished PhD. Dissertation,
  36. (1966). Nationalism in Canadian Literature',
  37. (1992). Nationalism. Five Roads to Modernity. Cambridge MA: doi
  38. nd Ed.). First published 1823. The Pioneers.
  39. (1987). Northern Spring: the Flowering of Canadian Literature.
  40. (1981). Ontario Loyalism: A Socio-Religious Ideology in Decline,'
  41. (1991). Orienting the True North',
  42. (1977). Possessing the Land',
  43. (1967). Public Opinion and Canadian Identity. doi
  44. (1969). Puritanism and the Wilderness: The Intellectual Significance of the New England Frontier, doi
  45. (1981). Race and Manifest Destiny: The Origins of American Racial Anglo-Saxonism. doi
  46. (1981). Race and Nation in Canadian Anglophone Historiography',
  47. (1968). Redeemer Nation: The Idea of America's Millennial Role. Chicago: doi
  48. (1997). Reflections of a Siamese Twin: Canada at the End of the Twentieth Century.
  49. (1909). Réflexions d'un Homo Alpinus',
  50. (1973). Regeneration Through Violence: The Mythology of the American Frontier, doi
  51. (1993). Revolt of the Provinces: The Regionalist Movement in America, doi
  52. (1994). See America First: Tourism and National Identity, doi
  53. (1989). Sources of the Self: the Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge: doi
  54. (1955). The Age of Reform: From Bryan to FDR. doi
  55. (1971). The Bush Garden: Essays on the Canadian Imagination. doi
  56. (1961). The Canadian Identity.
  57. (1977). The Decline of Nationalistic History in the West, 1900-1970', doi
  58. The Development of the Love of Romantic Scenery in America', doi
  59. (1968). The Eastern Establishment and the Western Experience: The West of Frederic Remington, doi
  60. (1986). The Ethnic Origins of Nations. doi
  61. (1991). The Everlasting If: American National Identity in Children's Historical Fiction,
  62. (1920). The Frontier in American History. doi
  63. (1930). The Fur Trade in Canada. New Haven: doi
  64. (1971). The Genesis of the Frontier Thesis: a Study in Historical Creativity. doi
  65. (1976). The Great American Mind: The Historiography of a Geographical Notion',
  66. (1953). The Idea of Anglo-Saxon Superiority in American Thought,
  67. (1981). The Impossible Dream: a Century and a Half of the American Left. doi
  68. (1984). The Mystic North. Symbolist Landscape Painting doi
  69. (1991). The Myth And Truth of the True North',
  70. (1966). The Myth of the Land in Canadian Nationalism',
  71. (1983). The Northern Imagination: A Study of Northern Canadian Literature. Moonbeam, Ont.:
  72. (1985). The Past is a Foreign Country. doi
  73. (1976). The Place of the Past in the American Landscape', doi
  74. (1990). The Prospect of a Nation: Expansionist Landscape and American Identity, 1770-1850. Unpublished PhD.
  75. (1998). The Right Stuff: Techno-Nationalism and American Identity', paper delivered at the eighth annual conference of the Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism (roundtable), London School of Economics,
  76. (1946). The Roots of American Loyalty. doi
  77. (1966). The True North Strong and Free',
  78. (1985). The Wacousta Syndrome: Explorations in the Canadian Landscape. Toronto: doi
  79. The Winning of the West, vols I-IV.
  80. (1986). The Writing of Canadian History: doi
  81. (1991). True Patriot Love: The Politics of Canadian Nationalism. doi
  82. (1950). Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth. doi
  83. (1994). Western and Eastern Nationalisms',
  84. (1967). Wilderness and the American Mind. New Haven and London: doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.