Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Cost Recovery for Water Services and the Polluter Pays Principle

By William Howarth


This paper considers the general rationale for cost recovery pricing in respect\ud of water services and examines the specific provision that is made for this,\ud and related obligations, in Article 9 of the European Community Water\ud Framework Directive. Despite guidance drawn from the Common\ud Implementation Strategy, uncertainties remain, particularly with regard to the\ud need to recover environmental and resource costs and how account should\ud be taken of the polluter pays principle. Given the intractable character of\ud these difficulties, it is suggested that the some of the practical outcomes and\ud environmental benefits of implementation are speculative

Topics: K
Year: 2009
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2000). An assessment of the total external costs of UK Agriculture’
  2. (2005). Can We Afford Not To? The Costs and Benefits of a Partnership Approach to the Water Framework Directive,
  3. (2004). Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Final Report, Assessing Current Levels of Cost Recovery and Incentive Pricing
  4. (2002). Environmental Principles: From Political Slogans to Legal Rules,
  5. (2002). Recovery of full cost and pricing of water in the Water Framework Directive’
  6. The ‘Polluter Pays’ Principle in Community Law’, Focus on
  7. The Polluter Pays Principle and its Relevance to Agricultural Policy
  8. (1993). The Polluter Pays Principle in the European Community’
  9. (2007). The Principle of Full Cost Recovery in the EU Water Framework Directive – Genesis and Content’

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.