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Attributional style, efficacy, and the enhancement of well-being among housebound older people

By Diane M. Houston, Kevin J. McKee and Julie Wilson


This study examines the effects of an intervention that involves the compilation of a book of wartime experiences on a group of housebound older people who live in the community with the support of social services. Using the theoretical framework of the Hopelessness Theory of Depression (Abramson, Metalsky, & Alloy, 1989), we examine the impact of attributional style (Abramson et al., 1989) and efficacy (Bandura, 1977; Houston, 1995) on changes in psychological well-being following the intervention. Prior to the intervention, participants completed a newly constructed Extended Attributional Style Scale for the Elderly and the General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg & Hillier, 1979). Following the intervention there was a significant improvement in psychological well-being across the sample-those with depressogenic styles and low efficacy and those with high efficacy and nondepressogenic styles reported most improvement. The findings indicate that a relatively small-scale intervention can have a significant impact on the well-being of order people living alone in the community

Topics: BF, HM
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc
Year: 2000
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