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Efficiency of labour market and employment policy measures. Programme of research and actions on the development of the labor market. V/883/83-EN

By et al Michael Bolle
Year: 1983
OAI identifier: oai:aei.pitt.edu:40314

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  1. (1982). 352 -Schmid/Semmlinger (Schmid/Senunlinger,
  2. (1980). 407 -Notwendigkeiten und Mbglichkeiten steigen~ dcr Staatsverschuldung, in:
  3. (1982). 55 -With evident differences as to the scale of the public sector long-term correlation analysis based on time series allows the conclusion, that there is no significant connection between growth dynamic of economy and the extent of state activities (DIW,
  4. (1980). A sample published by the Ministry of Labour (198o) on the outlet of the young persons after completing the occupational preparatory scheme shows the following picture: Table 2: Occupational Preparation: Outlet of the participants in %
  5. (1982). a similar result is established with a volunta~ earlv retirement without obligatory re~hiring (Kjaersgaard,
  6. (1979). A study on the job-creating scheme EUC (Emploi d'utilite collective) existing since
  7. (1978). a} The development of the economjc- and labour market policy in the 70s The economical policies in the 70s still were influenced by the experiences of constant growth in the 60s. Still
  8. (1982). According to analysis of the Ministry of Labour (Hinistere du Travail,
  9. (1980). According to estimations of the Ministry of Labour,in
  10. (1981). According to figures of"th~ Treasury the additional jobs are distributed as follows. Table t..;_ Jobs in the public sector
  11. (1982). According to Ktihl (Klihl,
  12. (1982). Also the 'work pr_~~oti~!'l consolidati_~--~· enacted Jan.lst,
  13. (1977). An overproportional increase of receipts of orders in the motor vehicle construction was apparent, this probably on account of su~idizing the purchase of business -and duty cars (see Stabbatin,
  14. (1982). As an overall measure the government could by amending the active economic stability act and by reviving the "Konzertierte Aktion" make strategies working-time reductions subject of tripartite negotiations (Vilrnar,
  15. (1982). As far as exr~eriences with the Fr~nch employment policy since the beginning of the eighties arE available, it is to be seen, that private growth dynamic could only be stimulated to a little extent by state activities (Braner,
  16. (1979). As in particular the British experience with TES shows, wage subsidies actually operate like export subsidies
  17. (1982). but the statutory underpinning (Hansen,1981) and the quality of the adaptation function (OECD,
  18. (1982). Conditions d'ernp1oi et cout de 1a main-d'oeuvre dans les economies europeennes, in: Economie et Statistique, No 140,
  19. d i:~~J !· y ___ J_ ,~ bo ~a- _!n a :t: ~ e ~- _ .? !1 d _ ~m p l_? y!]1en _!:_pc;>) i ~J ~J? __ 2.:C.~ __ _rn_p.l:i.t~ _lx _ t?_~!]s-;_t_r<1 __ ? t ___ )-.~>.!.!st:-_!&quot;:_~!:!T~_as _y.rel_!_~§
  20. (1959). De~ elopmcnt of Employment by Sec-tors
  21. (1955). Diagram 2: Working Population, Employment, Unemployment in mill.
  22. (1981). DKr in 1983. At an expected GNP of 525 bill.DKr this means a defic~t of 14%. As against that the budget from 1973 still proved a positive balance of 5.8% of GNP at a proportion of the public sector of 40%,
  23. (1977). Eine mathematisch-statistische Darstellung der Besch~ftigungsproblematik Behinderter, in: WZB-discussion paper Nr.
  24. (1982). Emphasis is also laid upon side effects of JCS - like the ~ntainance of human capital and social security (see Schmidt,
  25. (1980). Employers on the contrary favour part-time employment. This argument fucuses on the demand for part-time employment by job-searchers (BOA,
  26. (1977). Experiences in Great Britain relate to deadweight and displacement that are estimated to range between 30 and 40 % of all jobs supported (Dep. of Employment,
  27. (1982). Factual employment effects have not been proved. Potential employment effects have inithe first place been compensated by tanporal adaptation strategies (see Hemmerich
  28. (1974). Finally a look at the external position of Great Britain Table 7: Data of an External Position Jahr
  29. (1979). First experiences of the programme, initially adopted in
  30. (1981). FOP therefore propose to stimulate private initiative by appeals, social contracts and relieving companies of the costs of training and by taking back administrative injunctions {CDU-Stellungn.l982, FDP,
  31. (1980). For the evaluation of the accuracy of JCS (in the sense of reaching the target groups) the following data are available: Table6 : Relative Employment under JCS Shares of Unemployment -
  32. (1980). go 9o/e 9e u I
  33. (1975). I \1974 I 1'1975 !
  34. (1978). i 1m I work e_x-
  35. (1982). In a critical review (cp. Mauroy,
  36. (1982). In Denmark job creation schemes are a new type of measure for the Danish labour market policy. Under the ~called MarchPackage
  37. (1982). In Great-Britain wage subsidies only play a small role in the labour market policy presently operated. This is in clear contrast to the policy of the later 70s. In
  38. (1978). It is certainly true that in Britain a e_bift of p_;:_<_?£_uction and em-.l2!_oyment__f!&quot;&quot;o~_!..l!~ _ _Eri vate: _ _i._!l_1:o non-market-sector has - 252 -occured (Bacon/Eltis,
  39. (1980). liability by companies. In the medium term, however, the DGB believes that the demand for training is considerably larger than what can be supplied by private industry. For this see table 10. - 342 -Table 10:
  40. (1980). Naturally ±n Great Britain there are drafts of alternative economics. Those arguments (The London CSE-Group,
  41. (1982). One point of criticism about the CEP is its small size {Metcalf,
  42. (1982). onward after: Financial Times ~; Public sector borrowing requirerrents (TSBR) a) in bill UKL b) in of hundred of GDP Figures on 1984/85 relate to the Financial Times Source: OEX:D, Econanic SUrvey, United Kingdan,
  43. (1977). q I }rn ning con-
  44. (1982). rankreich, GroBbritannien Schweden,
  45. (1981). Regionalisierung der Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Moglichkeiten und Probleme, Anmerkungen zu einem arbeitsrnarktpolitischcn
  46. (1982). Republic of Germany 1) estimated; states deficit: financing deficit in percent of the growth domestic product Source: DIW,
  47. (1980). rungsbeihilfe ftir schwer vermittelbare Arbeitslose, WZB Berlin Zur Effizicnz der Arbeitsmarktpolitik. Ein Pladoyer fur ein Schritt vor und zwei Schritte zurtick, WZB
  48. (1981). Source: Ministry of Finar.ce,
  49. (1974). Ta]2J_~ _ _i: Expenditures of the State (in Mrd.
  50. (1981). Tab1~=- 11: Employment Plan II: Distribution of Expenditures (in
  51. (1978). Table 1: Cost per participant -
  52. (1980). Table 1: Expenditures for Active Labour Market Policy -in thousand -year
  53. (1982). Table 2: Labour Market Political Instruments of 1980 employment costs selectivity effect per ernpl. - in thousand - effect short-time 46 10.244 JCS 86 20.110 wage subsidy 16 vocational training 86 28.870 Source: Seifert,
  54. (1978). Table 3: Job Creation Scheme
  55. (1970). Table 4: Development of employment 1970-79 - in thousands
  56. Table 4: Employment Plan II Devision of Expenditure -
  57. (1985). Table 7: Labour Market Balance from 1982 to
  58. (1972). Table 8: Trade Balance·
  59. (1981). Table-2: Cumulated Effects of Increase of Job Offers in the Public Sector
  60. (1981). tended vocational training and re-training. A changed labour market situation causes a significant increase from 1974 till about 1979, that lasts till
  61. (1981). that the system of the occupational training has to be extended by the general right for all persons in dependent employment to paid educational leave (Hansen,
  62. (1982). The decree of
  63. (1976). The Economics of Industrial Subsidies,
  64. (1982). The experiences gained from the realization MeiBner·and Hodle
  65. (1980). the Memorandum group as well as the HWWA estimates the volume of subsidy grants at approximately 80 bill. DM. Region~l_g~ants are primarily given within scope of the .£Qmrn_9_!L_ ___ ~?~~s for the 'improv~_!!.!e..~t ~-~~-q!Qnal ecpnomy.
  66. (1982). The president of the BA, however,. values the new specification as a clearly arranged rule for employees of the labour offices to fill vancancies and find jobs for unemployed as soon as possible (Arbeit und Beruf IV,
  67. (1982). The ratio costs/effectiveness has been evaluated by Schmid {Schmid,
  68. (1970). The reform of work-placement is carried on. The following diagram shows the relative percentage of all individual measures in the budget of the ~inistry of Labour.
  69. (1982). The strictest assumptions (European Economy,
  70. (1981). the time being also another kind of job creating schemes which aims at the same direction, is quantitatively low. By means of the &quot;emplois d'utilite collective&quot; {by the decree of the 2nd of October,
  71. (1983). The YTS will guarantee (from
  72. (1979). this is true in a high degree for the Job Creation Programme and in a low degree for the Work Experience Programme (Layard,
  73. (1980). Travail et capital dans les comptes nationaux', in:
  74. (1983). Tt1t:~ :->oc.i.a.ydt~nlo~~at Jorgensen had resigned, because he failed in finding a parlamentary majority for his plans of consolidating the budget. For
  75. (1982). two stages of the French employment policy can bedistinguished from 1974 to 1980: a) The policy of safeguarding employment (1974-1977) and b) the increase of industrial employment and the regualtion of the working population.
  76. (1977). When the JCP was terminated the STEP was intended to provide temporary jobs of community benefit to unemployed persons over 19 (House of Commons~

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