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A Scanning Hartmann Focus Test for the EUVI Telescopes aboard STEREO

By B. Dean, R. Shiri, S. Antonille, K. Redman, M. Wilson, S. Hynes, J. S. Smith, P. Thompson, W. Eichord, D. Kubalak, B. Frey, M. Delmont, R. Ohl and D. Aronstein


The Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO), the third mission in NASA s Solar Terrestrial Probes program, was launched in 2006 on a two year mission to study solar phenomena like coronal mass ejections. STEREO consists of two nearly identical satellites, each carrying a suite of instruments that provide, among other data, simultaneous images of the Sun. One of these telescopes is the Extreme Ultraviolet Instrument (EUVI). There are two EUVI telescopes, one on each STEREO satellite (EUVI-A and EUVI-B). EUVI is a normal incidence, 98mm diameter, Ritchey-Chretien telescope designed to obtain wide field of view (approx.1deg) images of the Sun at short wavelengths (approx.20nm) using a CCD detector. The telescope entrance aperture is divided into four quadrants by a mask near the secondary mirror spider veins. A mechanism that rotates another mask allows only one of these sub-apertures to accept light from the Sun during an observation. The EUVI is thus four co-aligned, off-axis telescopes. Each off-axis segment on the primary and secondary mirrors has a different extreme ultraviolet coating stack. Furthermore, the aperture select mechanism is synchronized with a filter wheel mechanism near the CCD detector. The EUVI contains no focus mechanism. Models predict that the difference in on-orbit operating temperature and ambient clean room conditions yield a "best focus" difference between integration and operation of approx. 0.2mm

Topics: Astronomy
Year: 2007
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