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Combination of erbium and holmium laser radiation for tissue ablation

By Hans Pratisto, Martin Frenz, Flurin Könz, Hans J. Altermatt and Heinz P. Weber


Erbium lasers emitting at 2.94 im and holmium lasers emitting at 2.1 jtm are interesting tools for cutting, drilling, smoothing and welding of water containing tissues. The high absorption coefficient of water at these wavelengths leads to their good ablation efficiency with controlled thermally altered zones around the ablation sites. Combination of pulses with both wavelengths transmitted through one fiber were used to perform incisions in soft tissue and impacts in bone disks. Histological results and scanning electron microscope evaluations reveal the strong influence of the absorption coefficient on tissue effects, especially on the ablation efficiency and the zone of thermally damaged tissue. It is demonstrated that the combination of high ablation rates and deep coagulation zones can be achieved. The results indicate that this laser system can be considered as a first step towards a multi-functional medical instrument

Year: 2016
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