Advances in obstetric care, alongside efforts to implement best practices, have not diminished the need for critical care facilities. Obstetric patients constitute 1.8 % of intensive care unit (ICU) admissions in a well-resourced country like the UK, but this rises to 23.7 % in under-resourced countries. Globally, the ICU constitutes an expensive service and demand typically exceeds the supply of available beds; therefore, triage is essential, in order to favour those who have better chances of survival. There is a perception that HIV-positive patients tend to have poor outcomes, particularly if they are antiretroviral therapy (ART) naive; this may bias clinicians against admitting such patients to limited ICU resources. Although Bhagwanjee et al. had previously shown that HIV infection in adults did not predict ICU mortality, their study was undertaken at a very early stage of the HIV epidemic i
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