TAK1 kinase determines TRAIL sensitivity by modulating reactive oxygen species and cIAP. Oncogene 28: 2257–2265


TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a potent inducer of cell death in several cancer cells, but many cells are resistant to TRAIL. The mechanism that determines sensitivity to TRAIL-killing is still elusive. Here we report that deletion of TAK1 kinase greatly increased activation of caspase-3 and induced cell death following TRAIL stimulation in keratinocytes and fibroblasts as well as cancer cells. Although TAK1 kinase is involved in NF-κB pathway, ablation of NF-κB did not alter sensitivity to TRAIL. We found that TRAIL could induce accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) when TAK1 was deleted. Furthermore, we found that TAK1 deletion induces TRAIL-dependent downregulation of cIAP, which enhances activation of caspase-3. These results demonstrate that TAK1 deletion facilitates TRAIL-induced cell death by activating caspase through ROS and downregulation of cIAP. Thus, inhibition of TAK1 can be an effective approach to increase TRAIL sensitivity

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oaioai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1...Last time updated on 10/30/2017

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