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RESEARCH ARTICLE Psychological Distress in the Hospital Setting: A Comparison between Native Dutch and Immigrant Patients

By Gertrud L. G. Haverkamp, Bart Torensma, Anton C. M. Vergouwen and Adriaan Honig


Background Prevalence of psychological distress (i.e. depressive and anxiety symptoms) in medically ill patients is high. Research in the general population shows a higher prevalence of psycho-logical distress among immigrants compared to natives. Our aim was to examine the preva-lence of psychological distress in the hospital setting comparing immigrant and native Dutch patients and first and second generation immigrant patients. Methods Prevalence of psychological distress was assessed using the extended Kessler-10 (EK-10) in 904 patients in a Dutch general teaching hospital. Logistic regression was used to calcu-late odds ratios to determine differences between native and immigrant patients and first and second generation immigrants in the prevalence of psychological distress. We adjusted for demographic and social variables, socio-economic status, physical quality of life, history of psychiatric disease and health care use. Result

Year: 2016
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