c © Y. Manabe & T. Okamoto This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. A Cryptographic Moving-Knife Cake-Cutting Protocol
This paper proposes a cake-cutting protocol using cryptography when the cake is a heterogeneous good that is represented by an interval on a real line. Although the Dubins-Spanier moving-knife pro-tocol with one knife achieves simple fairness, all players must execute the protocol synchronously. Thus, the protocol cannot be executed on asynchronous networks such as the Internet. We show that the moving-knife protocol can be executed asynchronously by a discrete protocol using a se-cure auction protocol. The number of cuts is n − 1 where n is the number of players, which is the minimum.