and flora – Derogations from protection of species – Application to join as party to administrative proceedings concerning grant of derogations – Access to administrative and judicial procedures in environmental matters – Principles of equivalence and effectiveness – Whether relevant international treaty provisions having direct effect where European Union acceding to treaty but treaty provisions not yet transposed into EU law – Whether directive having direct effect – Council Directive (EEC) 92/43 – Council Decision (EC) 2005/370, art 9(3) – European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) 1367/2006. Council Directive (EEC) 92/43 (on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora) (the Habitats Directive) required member states to take requisite measures to establish a system of strict protection for the animals listed in Annex IV(a)a, which included a brown bear species. Pursuant to art 16b, member states could derogate from the provisions if there was no satisfactory alternative and the derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the populations of the species concerned. Europea
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