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Reduction of iron oxide catalysts: the investigation of kinetic parameters using rate perturbation and linear heating thermoanalytical techniques

By M. J. Tiernan, Philip A. Barnes and Gareth M.B Parkes

Abstract

The mechanisms and kinetics of the reduction of powdered Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 samples have been investigated under nonisothermal conditions to provide a detailed insight into the processes occurring. Both conventional linear heating temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) and constant rate temperature-programmed reduction (CR-TPR) techniques were utilized. Fe2O3 was found to reduce to Fe in a two-step process via Fe3O4. The mechanism of the prereduction step of Fe2O3 to Fe3O4 was found to follow an nth order expression where nucleation or diffusion was not the rate-controlling factor while the main reduction step to metal was described by a model involving the random formation and growth of nuclei. A CR-TPR rate perturbation method, "rate-jump", was applied to the measurement of variations in apparent activation energy throughout the reduction processes, under near-equilibrium conditions and the activation energy measurements are compared with those obtained under conventional linear heating conditions

Topics: QD
Publisher: ACS
Year: 2001
DOI identifier: 10.1021/jp003189+
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.hud.ac.uk:193
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